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KARATE DO TERMINOLOGY

 

STANCES

Heisoku-dachi

informal attention stance
Musubi-dachi informal attention stance,feet turned out
Hachiji-dachi open-leg stance
Uchi-hachiji-dachi inverted open-leg stance
Heiko-dachi parallel stance
Teiji-dachi T stance
Renoji-dachi L stance
Zenkutsu-dachi front stance
Kokutsu-dachi back stance
Kiba-dachi straddle-leg stance
Shiko-dachi square stance
Fudo-dachi rooted stance
Neko-ashi-dachi cat stance
Sanchin-dachi hour-glass stance
Hangetsu-dachi half-moon stance
Shizen-tai natural position

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THE HANDS AND ARMS AS WEAPONS

Seiken fore-fist
Uraken back-fist
Tettsui iron hammer
Ippon-ken one-knuckle fist
Nakadaka Ippon-ken middle-finger one-knuckle fist
Hiraken fore-knuckle fist
Kaisho open hand
Shuto knife hand
Haito ridge-hand
Haishu back-hand
Nukite spear-hand
Teisho palm-heel
Seiryuto ox-jaw hand
Kumade bear-hand
Kakuto bent-wrist
Keito chicken-head wrist
Washide eagle-hand
Wan arm
Empi elbow

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TSUKI - punching

Choku-Zuki straight punch
Gyaku-zuki reverse punch
Oi-zuki lunge punch
Ren-zuki alternate punching
Dan-zuki consecutive opunching
Morote-zuki double-fist punch
Tate-zuki vertical-fist punch
Age-zuki rising punch
Ura-zuki close punch
Mawashi-zuki roundhouse punch
Kagi-zuki hook punch
Yama-zuki wide U-punch
Awase-zuki U-punch
Heiko-zuki parallel punch
Hasami-zuki scissors punch
Kizami-zuki jab
Nagashi-zuki flowing punch

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UCHI - striking

Uraken-uchi back-fist strike
Tettsui-uchi hammer-fist strike
Empi-uchi elbow strike
Mae-Empi-uchi forward elbow strike
Yoko-empi-uchi side elbow strike
Ushiro-Empi-uchi back elbow strike
Yoko-Mawashi-Empi-uchi side-round elbow strike
Tate-Empi-uchi upward elbow strike
Otoshi-Empi-uchi downward elbow strike
Shuto-uchi knife-hand strike

UKE - blocking
Age-uke upper block
Soto-uke outside forearm block
Uchi-uke inside forearm block
Otoshi-uke dropping block
Gedan-barai (uke) downward block
Shuto-uke knife-hand block
Tate-shuto-uke vertical knife-hand block
kake-shuto-uke hooking knife-hand block
Haishu-uke back-hand block
Kakuto-uke bent-wrist block
Keito-uke chicken-head wrist block
Seiryuto-uke ox-jaw block
Teisho-uke palm-heel block
Haiwan-nagashi-uke back-arm sweeping block
Te-nagashi-uke hand sweeping block
Te-osae-uke hand pressing block
Tekubi-kake-uke wrist-hook block
Maeude-hineri-uke forearm twist block
Maeude-deai-osae-uke forearm pressing block
Morote-uke augmented forearm block
Juji-uke X-block
Sokumen-awase-uke side combined block
Morote-tsukami-uke two-handed grasping block
Kakiwaki-uke reverse wedge block
Gedan-kake-uke downward hooking block
Sukui-uke scooping block
Morote-sukui-uke two-handed scooping block
Teisho-awase-uke combined palm-heel block
Sokutei-mawashi-uke circular sole block
Sokutei-osae-uke pressing block with sole
Sokuto-osae-uke pressing block with foot edge
Ashikubi-kake-uke ankle hooking block

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THE LEGS AND FEET AS WEAPONS

Koshi ball of the foot
Sokuto foot edge
Kakato heel
Haisoku instep
Tsumasaki tips of toes
Hizagashira knee

KERI - kicking

keage snap kick
kekomi thrust kick
Mae-geri front kick
Yoko-geri side kick
Mawashi-geri round kick
Fumikiri cutting kick
Fumikomi stamping kick
Gyaku-mawashi-geri reverse round kick
Mikazuki-geri crescent kick
Ushiro-geri back kick
Tobi-geri jump kick
Mae-tobi-geri jumping front kick
Yoko-tobi-geri jumping side kick
Nidan-tobi-geri jumping double kick

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KATA

HEIAN peaceful mind
BASSAI to penetrate a fortress
KANKU to look at the sky
EMPI flying swallow
GANKAKU crane on a rock
JITTE ten hands
HANGETSU half-moon
TEKKI horse riding
JION Jion-ji is a famous Buddhist temple
SOCHIN immovable in the face of danger
CHINTE strange hands
JIIN temple grounds
NIJUSHIHO twenty four steps
MEIKYO polished mirror
UNSU hands in the cloud
WANKAN king's crown
GOJUSHIHO fifty four steps

GLOSSARY

A B C D E F G H I J K M
N O R S T U W Y Z      
Age-zuki rising punch
Age-uke rising block
Ashi foot, leg
Age-uke gyaku ashi upper block (reverse foot)
Ashibo-kake-uke leg hooking block
Ashikubi-kake-uke ankle hooking block
Ate-waza smashing techniques
Awase-zuki U-punch
Bu martial
Budo martial way
Bushido the way of the warrior
Chichi nipple
Chikara no kyojaku manner of using strength
Choku-zuki straight punch
Chudan chest area
Chudan-choku-zuki straight punch to body
Chudan-mae-geri front kick to body
Chudan-shuto-uke knife-hand block against body attack
Chudan-uchi-uke block from inside outward with top of wrist
Chudan-ude-uke forearm block against body attack

glossary

Dan-zuki consecutive punching
Deai-osae-uke pressing block, stepping in
Do way
Dojo training room
Embusen performance line
Empi elbow
Empi-uchi elbow strike
En-sho round heel
Fudo-dachi rooted stance
Fumikiri cutting kick
Fumikomi stamping kick
Fumikomi-age-uke upper block, stepping in
Fumikomi-shuto-uke knike-hand block, stepping in
Fumikomi-ude-uke forearm-block, stepping in
Gai-wan outer arm
Gawa side
Gedan lower area of the body
Gedan-barai downward block
Gedan-choku-zuki straight punch to groin
Gedan-kake-uke downward hooking block
Gedan-kekomi thrust kick to groin
Gedan-tsuki punch to groin
Gedan-uke downward block
Gi karate suit
Gyaku-ashi reverse foot
Gyaku-mawashi-geri reverse round kick
Gyaku-zuki reverse punch

glossary

Hachiji-dachi open-leg stance
Haishu back-hand
Haishu-uchi back-hand strike
Haishu-uke back-hand block
Haisoku instep
Haito ridge-hand
Haito-uchi ridge-hand strike
Hai-wan back-arm
Haiwan-nagashi-uke back-arm sweeping block
Hangetsu-dachi half-moon stance
Hangetsu-kata half-moon formal exercise
Hanmi half-front-facing position
Hara abdomen
Hasami zuki scissors punch
Heiko-dachi parallel stance
Heiko-zuki parallel punch
Heisoku-dachi informal attention stance
Hidari left
Hidari-shizen-tai left natural position
Hidari-teiji-dachi left T-stance
Hiji elbow
Hiji-ate elbow strike
Hiji--suri-uke elbow sliding block
Hiji-uchi elbow strike
Hiki pulling
Hiraken fore-knuckle fist
Hiraken-zuki fore-knuckle-fist straight punch
Hiraku open
Hitai forehead
Hyoteki target
Hizagashira knee cap
Hoko tenkan changing directions
Ikken hissatsu to kill with one blow
Inyo active and passive
Ippon-ken one-knuckle fist
Ippon-ken zuki one-knuckle-fist straight punch
Jinchu point just below the nose
Jiyu-kumite free-style sparring
Jodan face area
Jodan-age-uke upper block against head attack
Jodan-choku-zuki upper straight punch
Jodan-kekomi thrust kick to face
Jodan-mae-geri front kick to face
Joho upward
Jo-sokutei raised sole
Juji-uke X-block

glossary

Kagi-zuki hook punch
Kaho downward
Kaisho open hand
kakato heel
Kake-shuto-uke hooking knife-hand block
Kake-uke hooking block
Kakiwaki-oroshi downward thrust
Kakiwaki-uke reverse wedge block
kakuto bent wrist
Kakuto-uke bent-wrist block
Kamae posture, position
Kamaeru take a posture
Kanku "viewing the sky" kata form
Kasumi temple
Karate empty-hand fighting
Karate-ka practitioner of karate
Kata shoulder
Kata forms
Kazasu hold aloft
Keage snap kick
Kebanashi kick off
Keitai no hoji correct positioning
Keito chicken-head wrist
Keito-uke chicken-head-wrist block
Kekomi thrust kick
Ken fist
Kendo sword fighting
Kentsui fist-hammer
Kentsui-uchi fist-hammer strike
Keri kicking
Keri-waza kicking techniques
Kesa-geri diagonal kick
Ki life force
Kiai shout - literally "spirit meeting"
Kiba-dachi straddle-leg stance
Kigamae mental preparation
Kihon kumite basic sparring
Kime focus of technique
Kizami-zuki jab
Ko back of fist/hand
Koho back direction
Koko tiger mouth
Kokutsu-dachi back stance
Kokyu breathing
Konjaku ancient and modern, past and present
Kosa cross
Kosa-dachi cross feet stance
Koshi hip
Ko-shi ball of the foot
Kubi neck
Kumade bear-hand
Kumite sparring
Kuzushi crushing (the enemy)
Kyodo movement
Kyogi kumite kumite match

glossary

Ma-ai distancing
Mae-ashi-geri front leg kick
Mae-empi-uchi forward elbow strike
Mae-geri front kick
Mae-geri-keage front snap kick
Mae-geri-kekomi front thust kick
Mae-hiji-ate forward elbow strike
Mae-muki facing to the front
Mae-tobi-geri jumping front kick
Maeude-deai-osae forearm pressing block
Maeude-hineri-uke forearm twist block
Makiwara punching board
Mawashi-geri roundhouse kick
Mawashi-zuki roundhouse punch
Migamae physical readiness
Migi right
Mikazuki-geri crescent kick
Mimi ear
Miru look
Morote-sukui-uke two-handed scooping block
Morote-tsukami-uke two handed grasping block
Morote-uke augmented forearm block
Morote-zuki double-fist punch
Mune chest
Musubi-dachi informal attention stance, feet turned out

glossary

Nagashi-uke sweeping block
Nagashi-zuki flowing punch
Nai-wan inner arm
Nakadaka-ippon-ken middle-finger one-knuckle fist
Nakadaka-ken middle-finger knuckle fist
Naname diagonal, obliquely
Naore return to yoi
Neko-ashi-dachi cat stance
Nidan-geri double jump kick
Nigiru chest
Nihon-nukite two finger spear hand
Nobasu straighten, extend
Nukite spear-hand straight thrust
Oi-zuki lunge punch
Oss literally, pushing & suffering, but used as greeting & acknowledgment in karate-do
Osae-uke pressing block
Oshi-ateru strike
Oshikomu push (forcefully)
Otoshi-empi-uchi downward elbow strike
Otoshi-uke dropping block
Otoshi-hiji-ate downward elbow strike

glossary

Rei bow
Reinoji-dachi L-stance
Renzoku-geri combination kick
Renzuki alternate punching
Ryo both
Ryo koshi both sides
Ryo-sho-awase hands together
Ryo-sho sokumen-uke side block with both hands
Ryo soku both sides
Ryu school
Sabaki stepping and dodging
Saho etiquette
Saho left direction
Sanchin-dachi hour-glass stance
Sankaku-tobi triangle jump
Sanren-zuki (Sanbon) three consecutive punches
Seiken fore-fist
Seiken-choku-zuki fore-fist straight punch
Seiryuto ox-jaw hand
Seiryuto-uke ox-jaw block
Shiai actual combat
Shiai kumite contest combat
Shiho-wari breaking boards on four sides to test power
Shiko-dachi square stance
Shin spirit
Shita-muki facing forward
Shita-ni down, under
Shittsui knee-hammer
Shizen-tai natural position
Sho hand, palm
Shomen front, main wall
Shubo arm-stick
Shuto knife hand
Shuto-uchi knife-hand strike
Shuto-uke knife-hand block
Shu-wan palm arm
Sochin-dachi diagonal straddle-leg stance
Soeru attach
Sokuho side
Sokumen side
Sokumen-awase-uke side two hand block
Sokutei-mawashi-uke circular sle block
Sokutei-osae-uke pressing block with sole
Sokuto foot edge, sword foot
Sokuto-keage snap kick with foot edge
Sokuto-osae-uke pressing block with foot edge
Sono mama as it is
Soto muki facing outward
Soto-uke block from outside inward with bottom of wrist
Suigetsu solar plexus
Suki opening
Sukui-uke scooping block
Sun unit of length, about three centimeters
Sun-dome to arrest a technique just before contact

glossary

Tachikata stance
Tai no shinshuku degree of expansion or contraction
Tameshi-wara test of technique's power
Tanden navel, centre of gravity
Tate-empi-uchi upward elbow strike
Tate-hiji-ate upward elbow strike
Tate-shuto-uke vertical knife-hand block
Tate-zuki vertical fist punch
Te hand
Teiji-dachi T-stance
Teisho palm-heel
Teisho-awase-uke combined palm-heel block
Teisho-uchi palm-heel strike
Teishio-uke palm-heel block
Teisho-zuki palm-heel punch
Tekubi-kake-uke wrist-hook block
Te-nagashi-uke hand sweeping block
Te-osae-uke hand pressing block
Tobi-geri jump kick
Tobi-yoko-geri jumping side kick
Tsukami-uke grasping block
Tsukamiyose grasp-pull
Tsuki punching
Tzuki-waza punching techniques
Tsukidashi thrust
Tsumasaki tips of toes
Tsuyoku strongly
Tyakugan aiming points

glossary

Uchi striking
Uchigawa inside, inner side
Uchi-hachiji-dachi inverted open-leg stance
Uchi-uke block from inside outward
Uchi-waza striking techniques
Ude forearm
Ude-uke forearm block
Ue muki facing upward
Uho right direction
Uke blocking
Uke kamae block posture
Unsoku moving and stepping
Uraken back-fist
Uraken-uchi back-fist strike
Ura-zuki close punch
Ushiro back, rear
Ushiro-ashi-geri rear-leg kick
Ushiro-empi-uchi back elbow strike
Ushiro-geri back kick
Ushiro-hiji-ate back elbow strike
Wan arm
Wanto arm sword
Washide eagle hand
Waza no kankyu speed of movement
Yama-zuki wide U-punch
Yoi readiness
Yoi no kisen spirit of getting ready
Yoko side
Yoko-empi-uchi side elbow strike
Yoko-geri side kick
Yoko-geri-keage side snap kick
Yoko-geri-kekomi side thrust kick
Yoko-hiji-ate side elbow strike
Yoko-kekomi side thrust kick
Yoko-mawashi-empi-uchi side-round elbow strike
Yoko-mawashi-hiji-ate side-round elbow strike
Yoko-tobi-geri jumping side kick
Yomi perceptivity
Yori-ashi sliding the feet

glossary

Zanshin state of relaxed alertness
Zenkutsu-dachi forward stance
Zenpo front direction

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